Turner Syndrome and Celiac Disease

Females with Turner Syndrome are more susceptible to developing celiac disease than the average person.

Turner Syndrome or Gonadal Digenesis is a combination of several conditions. The most common is monosomy X (Absence of an entire sex chromosome) A typical female has two X chromosomes but in Turner Syndrome one of those chromosomes is missing or has abnormalities.

This syndrome affects about 1 in every 2500 girls. There are physical symptoms such as swelling, short stature, broad chest, low hairline, low set ears and webbed necks. Less obvious physical symptoms are gonadal dysfunction, congenital heart disease, hypothyroidism, diabetes, vision and hearing concerns, and many autoimmune diseases such as Celiac Disease.

There are also cognitive difficulties including visuospacial, mathematical and memory.

Girls diagnosed with Turner Syndrome should also be tested for Celiac Disease.

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